27 July 2018

The new Latin American consumer: a question of trust

Latin America: a region in constant transformation

 Although way below the performance of the Asian economies, the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth expectation of over 2% in Latin America forecast for the next two years reflects a sustained economic recovery in the region, largely underpinned by domestic consumption. In this scenario, the trust relationship between consumers and businesses is a cornerstone for development in the region.

This study explores this relationship and its challenges based on almost 4,000 surveys in nine markets (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Panama, Peru and Dominican Republic) and six key sectors: Food & Drink, Automotive, Pharmaceutical, Financial Services, Retail and Telecommunications.

The new Latin American consumer 

The strength of private consumption in Latin America is one of the many indicators that reflect a number of changes, especially:

  • Growth of urban population: it is calculated that 85% of the Latin American population will live in urban areas by 2030, increasing the demand for housing, infrastructure and services.
  • The number of single-person households is rising to unprecedented levels in Latin America.
  • Older consumers: consumers aged over 65 currently represent 7% of the Latin American market. This figure is expected to reach 15% by 2020 (83 million).
  • The income of Latin American households is increasing, mostly as a result of the larger number of women in the labor market. Their participation is expected to grow by 20 million up to 2030.

Just as in other parts of the world, these socio-demographic movements accompany global trends that have given consumers more power in their relations with business, such as:

  • Increased connectivity. More than 61% of the population in the region is now connected to the internet. Although there is still work to be done in this respect, progress has clearly been made. And this greater access drives the new Latin American consumer.
  • E-commerce. In the wake of this increased connectivity, e-commerce is expected to grow by 16% over the coming years. Apart from the figures, this trend shows that consumers are more active and proactive in their relations with businesses and brands.
  • Inevitably, the increased connectivity and boom of social networks have converted the relationship between brands and consumers into a glass box, which requires a more direct, transparent approach. The challenge of meeting expectations in an era of Fake News is not to be infallible, but to be honest when one makes a mistake.

Against this backdrop, consumer-business trust also blends with exercises of citizenship that are very important for both parties, especially for businesses, which must boost this trust relationship as the driving force for growth.

The keys to trust in the region

The main conclusions drawn from analyzing the perception of trust in six economic sectors, polling almost 4,000 consumers in nine Latin American markets are:

Although there is generally a good climate of trust in companies, no sector has an outstanding rating on the trust scale

  • No sector in the region enjoys exceedingly strong trust.
  • However, on average, Latin American consumers trust their companies more than Spanish consumers, for example.

Consumers are more trusting in the North of the region than in the South

  • Mexico, Panama and the Dominican Republic had higher trust levels.
  • Chile, Argentina and Peru had the lowest trust levels.

Food & drink is the sector with the highest trust rating in Latin America

  • The pharmaceutical sector ranked second in terms of trust.

The financial and telecommunications sectors received the lowest trust ratings in the region

  • Data management, transparency and ethical issues weighted heavily in the perception of those polled.

Automotive and retail have above-average trust in the region

  • The key factors of these sectors for Latin American consumers are product guarantees and information.

Credibility, which derives from product/service, and integrity in business practice are key dimensions for consumer trust

  • Transparency is important but ranks below the other two in priority.
authors:
Juan Carlos Gozzer
Regional Manager Innovation at LLORENTE & CUENCA
Specialist with almost 15 years’ experience in reputation management and international communication strategies, Juan Carlos has actively collaborated in reputational assessments and the design and implementation of communication plans for clients in different economic sectors, in both online and offline environments. He was general manager of LLORENTE & CUENCA in Brazil for five years before taking on the regional management of Innovation. Gozzer graduated with a political science degree from Los Andes University in Bogota (Colombia), specializing in journalism, as well as in international information from the Complutense University of Madrid and has a master’s degree in international relations from the University of Bologna (Italy).
David González Natal
Leader of the Consumer Engagement Area at LLORENTE & CUENCA
David earned a bachelor’s degree in journalism from the Complutense University of Madrid and Global CCO from ESADE. He has worked for media such as El Mundo and Cadena Ser, and in the press department of the cultural organization Círculo de Bellas Artes in Madrid. Before heading the Consumer Engagement area in LLORENTE & CUENCA, he directed national communication campaigns for brands such as Heineken, Red Bull, Movistar and Ron Barceló for seven years as Senior Coordinator at the Actúa Comunicación agency. As global manager of the area, he coordinates eight markets in LLORENTE & CUENCA (Spain, Portugal, Colombia, Argentina, Mexico, Peru, Brazil and Panama) and has directed emblematic projects for Campofrío, Coca-Cola, Telefónica, Gonvarri, Bezoya and Sacyr. He has received more than 50 awards for his projects, including a Cannes Lions award, two Sol awards, numerous Gold Stevie Awards and several Communicator Awards, SABRE Awards, Mercury Awards and Premios Eikon. Natal is a storytelling lecturer for the master’s program for Corporate Communications at Universidad Carlos III (Madrid) and the Global CCO at ESADE. He also teaches for the master’s program for Visual and Digital Media at IE Business School and the master’s program for Digital Communications at the University of Cantabria (Spain).
Jorge Tolsá
Senior Consultant of the Leadership and Corporate Positioning Area at LLORENTE & CUENCA in Spain
Jorge has more than 10 years of experience in reputation and corporate communications research and management. Before joining LLORENTE & CUENCA, he was a consultant at Reputation Institute and Project Manager of the Telefónica Interactive Generations Forum. Tolsa is European Doctor in Communication and earned his bachelor’s degree in advertising and public relations from the University of Navarre. He also earned his master’s degree in media research at the University of Stirling in the UK, with a scholarship from Fundación Caja Madrid.
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